A top is a toy designed to be spun rapidly on the ground, the motion of which causes it to remain precisely balanced on its tip because of inertia. Such toys have existed since antiquity. Traditionally tops were constructed of wood, sometimes with an iron tip, and would be set in motion by aid of a string or rope coiled around its axis which, when pulled quickly, caused a rapid unwinding that would set the top in motion. Today they are often built of plastic, and modern materials and manufacturing processes allow tops to be constructed with such precise balance that they can be set in motion by a simple twist of the fingers and twirl of the wrist without need for string or rope.
The motion of a top is produced in the most simple forms by twirling the stem using the fingers. More sophisticated tops are spun by holding the axis firmly while pulling a string or twisting a stick or pushing an auger. In the kinds with an auger, an internal weight rotates, producing an overall circular motion. Some tops can be thrown, while firmly grasping a string that had been tightly wound around the stem, and the centrifugal force generated by the unwinding motion of the string will set them spinning upon touching ground.
For finite-dimensional k-algebras (k a field), if rad(M) denotes the intersection of all proper maximal submodules of M (the radical of the module), then the top of M is M/rad(M). In the case of local rings with maximal ideal P, the top of M is M/PM. In general if R is a semilocal ring (=semi-artinian ring), that is, if R/Rad(R) is an Artinian ring, where Rad(R) is the Jacobson radical of R, then M/rad(M) is a semisimple module and is the top of M. This includes the cases of local rings and finite dimensional algebras over fields.
A top is clothing that covers at least the chest, but which usually covers most of the upper human body between the neck and the waistline. The bottom of tops can be as short as mid-torso, or as long as mid-thigh. Men's tops are generally paired with pants, and women's with pants or skirts. Common types of tops are t-shirts, blouses and shirts.
The neckline is the highest line of the top, and may be as high as a head-covering hood, or as low as the waistline or bottom hem of the top. A top may be worn loose or tight around the bust or waist, and may have sleeves or shoulder straps, spaghetti straps (noodle straps), or may be strapless. The back may be covered or bare. Tops may have straps around the waist or neck, or over the shoulders.
The group charges for quilt top restoration (rates vary per quilt size), but all of the money made either goes back into the group’s operation costs, or to charitable causes — during the LoganDaily News’ interview with the group, two members left to donate four lap quilts to FAIRHOPE Hospice and Palliative Care, Inc., at 96 W.
Rising P-pop group BGYO continues to make waves on the international front after being a consistent spot holder at both global charts, Billboard’s Next Big Sound and Next Big Sound’s Pandora Predictions Chart. Days before the group released their comeback single, “The Baddest,” the five-member act soared to the no.
Judge dismisses NRA bankruptcy case in blow to gun group ... A member of the National Rifle Association’s board of directors says the only way to clean up the gun-rights group is to replace the current board and top executives — including CEOWayne LaPierre, new court papers show.
Rs 9 crore unaccounted money seized from two financing groups in Chennai... The income tax department has seized Rs 9 crore of unaccounted money from two private syndicate financing groups in Chennai ... Further, the unaccounted money was disguised and brought into the books of account of the groups as unsecured loans, sundry creditors and similar heads.
India have been drawn in Group A alongside defending champions China, three-time semi-finalists Thailand and hosts Finland in the BWF tournament, which comprises two singles and three doubles matches in a tie ... The top two teams from each group progress to the knockout round (quarterfinals).
India have been drawn in Group A alongside defending champions China, three-time semi-finalists Thailand and hosts Finland in the BWF tournament, which comprises two singles and three doubles matches in a tie ... The top two teams from each group progress to the knockout round (quarterfinals) ... Top SportsNews Now ... Express Group.
Having been shown the exit at the group stage in the last two campaigns in 2018 and 2019, he hopes The Phoenix can get as far as the quarter-finals at the third time of asking ... Only the top two teams from each of the four groups will advance to the quarter-finals.
The HaysHighIndians sweeping to the top team spot while the same group competed with Garden City’s Ryann Warren for the top individual finish ... In the case of Warren, the Buffs’ junior shared the top spot with Hays High’s Katie Dinkel after the pair 10-over-par 82s on the 5,500-yard course.
As Germany’s top parties were set to hold final rallies ahead of Sunday’s vote, the Fridays for Future youth marches made the case that the political class has let down the younger generation ... “The political parties haven’t taken the climate catastrophe seriously enough,” Luisa Neubauer, who runs the group’s German chapter, said.
The bankruptcy of EvergrandeGroup, the world’s most indebted property developer, is well predicted but whether the negative impact on the Chinese society and economy can be minimized is another problem ...CCBI Group, parent of CCBI International Securities, has had an investment banking relationship with Evergrande, according to the research report.
... a time when one group of us wasn’t moering the hell out of the other. There’s always been either a jostle for privilege and power or a desperate attempt once one group gets to the top to stop anyone dislodging them ... When we are not fighting in ethnic groups, we turn on ourselves.