A top is a toy designed to be spun rapidly on the ground, the motion of which causes it to remain precisely balanced on its tip because of inertia. Such toys have existed since antiquity. Traditionally tops were constructed of wood, sometimes with an iron tip, and would be set in motion by aid of a string or rope coiled around its axis which, when pulled quickly, caused a rapid unwinding that would set the top in motion. Today they are often built of plastic, and modern materials and manufacturing processes allow tops to be constructed with such precise balance that they can be set in motion by a simple twist of the fingers and twirl of the wrist without need for string or rope.
The motion of a top is produced in the most simple forms by twirling the stem using the fingers. More sophisticated tops are spun by holding the axis firmly while pulling a string or twisting a stick or pushing an auger. In the kinds with an auger, an internal weight rotates, producing an overall circular motion. Some tops can be thrown, while firmly grasping a string that had been tightly wound around the stem, and the centrifugal force generated by the unwinding motion of the string will set them spinning upon touching ground.
For finite-dimensional k-algebras (k a field), if rad(M) denotes the intersection of all proper maximal submodules of M (the radical of the module), then the top of M is M/rad(M). In the case of local rings with maximal ideal P, the top of M is M/PM. In general if R is a semilocal ring (=semi-artinian ring), that is, if R/Rad(R) is an Artinian ring, where Rad(R) is the Jacobson radical of R, then M/rad(M) is a semisimple module and is the top of M. This includes the cases of local rings and finite dimensional algebras over fields.
A top is clothing that covers at least the chest, but which usually covers most of the upper human body between the neck and the waistline. The bottom of tops can be as short as mid-torso, or as long as mid-thigh. Men's tops are generally paired with pants, and women's with pants or skirts. Common types of tops are t-shirts, blouses and shirts.
The neckline is the highest line of the top, and may be as high as a head-covering hood, or as low as the waistline or bottom hem of the top. A top may be worn loose or tight around the bust or waist, and may have sleeves or shoulder straps, spaghetti straps (noodle straps), or may be strapless. The back may be covered or bare. Tops may have straps around the waist or neck, or over the shoulders.
World-famous for its chicken, burgers and pies, the fast-growing restaurant brand opens its 84th North American location "at the crossroads of the world", marking a critical milestone in its mission to become one of the world's top-five restaurant chains ... About Jollibee Group ... Jollibee Group, through its subsidiary Jollibee Worldwide Pte.
It also has earned straight “A” grades for patient safety from The Leapfrog Group since Fall 2016 and is the only hospital in Western North Carolina to earn the Top HospitalAward for quality and safety from The Leapfrog Group in 2021.
Oman has played all of its matches and tops the table with 44 points ... The forthcoming matches are crucial for all three teams, as the top-three finishers will join five full member teams in a final qualifying stage ... Group B will comprise Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. The top two teams in each group will progress to the Super 4 stage.
A much more impressive statistic, reflecting quality rather than quantity, is that 11% of Frankel’s foals have been Group winners.How many star horses become top sires? ...Elsewhere, Soul Stirring became Frankel’s first Group 1 winner when winning Japan’s top two-year-old race for fillies, the Hanshin Juvenile FilliesStakes.
tops Uruguay and Colombia, it likely could clinch a World Cup berth in the November window ... Also in Canada’s group for the second round ... The top three teams from each group will advance to the World Cup from the AmericasRegion, along with the best overall fourth-place team.
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Premiering August 24 on Netflix, Selling the OC tracks The Oppenheim Group’s expansion to Orange County, where an all-new real estate team shows off lavish oceanfront listings and big personalities make waves ... And Cardona was an award-winning, top 1 percent agent on Zillow agent before joining The O Group.
The other top contender is Deputy PresidentWilliam Ruto, who fell out with the president earlier in their decade in power ... Both top candidates are ... This time there is no candidate from Kenya's largest ethnic group, the Kikuyu, though both top candidates chose Kikuyu running mates.
NFL scouts are finally settling back into their usual patterns now that COVID restrictions are in the rearview mirror, and this class figures to be top-heavy compared to the 2022 batch. This year's group is full of top end pass-rushing talent, but there's no lack of depth through the back of the first round and into the second round.
Brown, who’s also a director at top Chinese PC maker Lenovo GroupLtd., was a key executive at Arm from 1990 till May 2012, according to this LinkedIn profile. That was before SoftBank Group Corp ...That’s on top of rapidly crumbling global electronics demand, as consumers leave a ...
With this result, Saudi secured the top spot in Group B to advance to the last four, having earlier defeated Azerbaijan 1-0 in their first match and recorded a default 3-0 win after the withdrawal of the Iranian team before the start of the tournament.
In a meeting between the Group of 77 and China in Germany’s Bonn at the 56th session of the subsidiary bodies held from June 6-16, Shoukry reviewed the priorities of the Egyptian presidency for COP27, most notably fulfilling climate pledges and ensuring that the conference ...
Headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, ParkerFoodGroup develops and manufactures specialty, value-added ingredients in the North American market, with a focus on inclusions and toppings ... Parker Food Group’s portfolio includes baked inclusions, toppings, crumbs/streusels, pralines ...
The Central government has decided to give 'Z category' security to the country's top industrialist Gautam Adani... According to sources, more than 30 army personnel will be deployed in the security given to India's top industrialist ... Get a round-up of the day's top stories in your inbox.